Thanks to Marcus Rashford’s inspirational campaign, well over 1 million people have signed a parliamentary petition to end child poverty in the UK. More and more people are becoming acutely aware of Britain’s hunger crisis, but food poverty isn’t going away anytime soon.
Marcus Rashford’s stellar leadership and the incredible response from the general public, local authorities and businesses in the wake of the Government’s ill-judged vote last week have hit the headlines. But hundreds of thousands of children will still go hungry in the months to come. The gaping hole of food poverty – or rather its real name of just “poverty” – will only grow larger in the coming weeks as yet more people lose their jobs and income.
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And yet the nightmare of not having enough or anything to eat is not new for the 4.2 million children already living in poverty in the UK in 2019. Nor is it for countless more children joining their ranks since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic.
With public attention turned towards the painful truth, now is the time to address the real problems behind all this.
Families wouldn't be struggling to put food on the table this week if existing benefit payments & wages were sufficient/matched the cost of living. Yes holiday provision is immensely valuable to children but cannot replace parents & carers being able to afford to buy food. The
— IFAN UK (@IFAN_UK) October 27, 2020
Henry Dimbleby’s National Food Strategy recommendations to extend access to free school meals, increase holiday provision and increase the healthy start voucher programme will be hugely valuable to children. But with the best will in the world, they won’t end child food poverty.
It’s unavoidable that to end child food poverty, we need to address poverty first and foremost. The campaign’s calls will certainly involve significant and welcome steps to alleviate food shortages for children, but these measures will not stop hunger from happening in the first place.
As the campaign edges closer to achieving results, there’s a danger we’re reaching the point of no return. If food-based interventions are viewed as solutions to child food poverty is there a possibility that poverty could be accepted as inevitable?
The public’s attention has been drawn to a long-term problem, but the million-dollar question for food bank exit strategists is this: how do we harness this collective energy towards tackling the drivers of child food poverty head on? Long-term solutions do not involve food. As Child Poverty Action Group’s Louisa McGeehan put it in a BBC Radio interview this week: “There’s not a shortage of food, there is a shortage of money to buy it.”
Conservative MPs have defended their position by saying that schemes involving schools supporting children during the holidays represent an unsustainable sticking plaster on the problem of hunger. But if the Government believes that schools should not support children in the holiday then, surely, volunteer-run food banks or other charities shouldn’t be expected to do so either?
— Sabine Goodwin (@sabineegoodwin) October 29, 2020
The Government has continued to assert that the social security system and local authority funding are available for families in need. Yet independent and Trussell Trust food banks have reported unprecedented need for emergency food parcels during the pandemic while the current social security system, the notorious £63 million local authority funding and free school meals have been in place.
If the social security system is to be relied on it must be fit for purpose. Together with the Joseph Rowntree Foundation and a multitude of other organisations, IFAN is calling for the Government to, at the very least, Keep the Lifeline ensuring the £20 uplift to Universal Credit becomes permanent and is extended to legacy benefits. IFAN would also like to see an end to the 5-week wait for Universal Credit, the removal of the benefit cap and the two-child limit as well as the elimination of the sanctions system and No Recourse to Public Funds status. Child Benefit should also be increased for all children.
Any local authority funding in England to people “unable to afford food and other essentials” must be truly accessible through direct grants. And like the Trussell Trust, we’re calling for critical funding to English local authorities for local welfare assistance schemes to be extended permanently.
And we’re asking the Government to place a ban on zero-hour contracts and ensure a Real Living Wage is paid to all workers. As reported by the Child Poverty Action Group, 72 per cent of children growing up in poverty live in a household where at least one parent works.
As Ian Byrne MP put it in his Westminster Hall debate on the Right to Food last week: “we must stop tinkering around the edges of food insecurity”. With the nation’s eyes cast firmly on child food poverty, let’s not miss this opportunity to focus on the measures which will address child poverty for good.
IFAN’s joint report with Feeding Britain found that some food banks have seen a rise in demand of up to 700 per cent during the Covid-19 crisis. You can read the study here.