Opinion

Liz Truss takes the credit for my idea, but the underlying causes of inequality remain

In rehashing an old idea, Truss is tinkering around the edges when she could be working on a real solution to the causes of poverty, writes Big Issue founder John Bird.

The Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers in 1865, an early consumer co-operative Photo: Wikipedia

In 2016 I had what we called the Creditworthiness Assessment Bill go through Parliament. It was a very simple no-brainer. People living in rented accommodation were paying more for their credit than those living in a property they had a mortgage on. 

Credit reference agencies, who gave you your credit rating, were not recognising your rental payments as an expression of your willingness and ability to repay whatever you may wish to borrow. But if you had a mortgage, this was an expression of how reliable and established you were. And therefore how much of a better risk you were because you had a mortgage.  

This was a clear divide that needed to be addressed and our bill passed through both Houses of Parliament but was not passed into law. The Treasury did start a competition to find what they called a ‘fintech’ – financial-technical – solution to this problem of having a lower credit score however reliable you were as a rent payer.  

The problem was that you had to surrender your rental details to the credit agency. That really worked well if you were a good rent payer, but if you had an irregular rent record then you were not likely to see your credit level go up. There was even a fear that it would go down.  So the fintech solution was to try to avoid having to expose those people who had an irregular rent record.  Excuse this descent into technicalities, something that most readers would not expect of me. But in the end the problem did not resolve itself, and has remained an issue ever since.  

Until Liz Truss, looking for armour to combat her opposite number in the pursuit of the ultimate political prize, looked at what we had tried to achieve. And has now suggested that rents be a deciding factor in determining people’s creditworthiness. Now our attempt to get 80-90 per cent of rent payers a better credit rating may finally see the light of day. But hopefully they will do so without exposing people to surrendering their rental records, and the possible lowering of their credit score because they have an irregular rental payment record. There are reasons for people finding it difficult to pay their rents in the current period, more so than in earlier periods. And that is due to the return of inflation and the power it has to destroy any stability you have if you are part of the working/claiming poor.  

I have a particular raw nerve about credit because I was always the one who as a child had to go and get shops to give us credit. Where we lived in Fulham we eventually fiddled countless shops and I was at times chased down the road. The problem was we did not have enough income to match the costs of running a family of parents and six boys. We were not financially savvy either. We did not know how to get the most out of what we had.  

It is often overlooked that the largely middle-class creators of the welfare state were in some ways trying to make us, the working poor, behave more like the middle classes. The middle classes had their insurance, had their money put aside. Tended to live within their means. Saved up for a rainy day. The state took some of the money we earned and put it aside for us. We could not be trusted to save, ran the argument. Even though one of the finest instruments of social support and care ever created – the Co-operative movement – was built on the carefulness of the poor-but-earning factory workers in the mills of Rochdale and its surrounding industrial and mining areas.  

But the welfare state took into account that poor wages often produced poor financial management. That there was a permanent living in emergency which is erosive and dispiriting. That if you had the comforts and income of the middle classes you were able to determine in a more rational way how you spent and what you put aside. If you didn’t have anything to put aside, you were walloped. 

The early years of the welfare state were spent trying to inculcate in the poorest among us how to make the most of what we had. But alas, it did not attack the central issue, which was that there was always a surfeit of jobs for the low paid but never enough upskilling jobs so that you could skill away from poverty. And, for all the attempts at creating social equality, there were always millions of people left behind in the low-paid world of the postwar period.  

Now, 70 years later, we find ourselves having to look at shoring up people’s income because of inflation. What were we doing in the meanwhile? Surely we all knew that having low wages put you out on the beach, so to speak, when the inflationary waves rose higher. The shenanigans of election and leadership promises are not a reliable way of determining what will eventually be delivered. But whoever takes over, they have rough and tough ground to traverse, because we still have not dug enough people out of low pay and support.  

John Bird is the founder and editor in chief of The Big Issue. Read more of his words here.

This article is taken from The Big Issue magazine. If you cannot reach your local vendor, you can still click HERE to subscribe to The Big Issue today or give a gift subscription to a friend or family member.You can also purchase one-off issues from The Big Issue Shop or The Big Issue app, available now from the App Store or Google Play.

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