Rough sleeping plunged during the pandemic, according to new official statistics – but charities have warned the figures do not show the full extent of street homelessness in England.
In total 2,688 people were estimated to be sleeping rough on a single night in autumn 2020, down 37 per cent on the 4,266 people recorded in 2019.
The drop demonstrates the impact of the Everyone In scheme, which saw 37,000 people brought into hotels and emergency accommodation to protect them against the pandemic.
The figures come from a one-night count and estimates carried out by councils in October and November, while 9,866 people were protected through Everyone In and large sections of the country were either restricted or in lockdown.
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Thangam Debbonaire, Labour’s Shadow Housing Secretary, said: “Nobody should be sleeping rough, especially during a pandemic.
“The Government promised to bring ‘everyone in’ but even these partial figures show 2,688 people spent this pandemic on the streets. It is extremely concerning they have not repeated the emergency support for rough sleeping that was in place during the first lockdown. There is a real risk that gains made last year will be lost.”
Housing Secretary Robert Jenrick called efforts to end rough sleeping “a moral mission” and an issue which should be “consigned to the history books”.
“Our priority [is] ensuring that the 37,000 vulnerable people and rough sleepers our landmark Everyone In programme has helped never return to a life on the street,” he said.
“The verified annual figures that we have published today show that we are well on our way and are a testament to the government’s commitment to support the most vulnerable in society backed with the £750 million we have invested in homelessness and rough sleeping this year alone.”
It’s official: figures released today show since Boris Johnson became PM, rough sleeping has almost halved.
Thank you to everyone who has worked tirelessly to make this happen. Together we can end rough sleeping. pic.twitter.com/GktXQDOCGn
— Robert Jenrick (@RobertJenrick) February 25, 2021
Official rough sleeping statistics have shown a steady increase for the majority of the last decade.
The first recorded count in 2010 found 1,247 people sleeping rough on England’s streets but by 2019 a decade of austerity measures had seen that figure rise 141 per cent to 4,266 people.
While the statistics released on Thursday represent a third consecutive year of decline, the 2,688 people counted in autumn 2020 still shows a 52 per cent increase on the numbers sleeping rough in 2010.
Nearly half of people sleeping rough on a single night were recorded in London and the South East but the areas also demonstrated the largest annual decrease with 426 people sleeping rough down from 900 people last year. Most people sleeping rough were male, aged over 26 years old and from the UK.
Homeless charities and campaigners have warned the work done during the pandemic to reduce rough sleeping will be lost without greater long-term funding commitments and efforts to reduce the drivers of homelessness.
Homeless Link chief executive Rick Henderson said: “Prevention will be key going forward, but the end of the eviction ban in March and the risk that the Universal Credit uplift will be removed, threaten this. Having achieved so much, we must not lose momentum.
“We need to bring and keep everyone in for good, developing a longer-term funding strategy to ensure sustainable results and addressing the root causes of homelessness in all its forms.”
Jon Sparkes, chief executive of Crisis, added: “The last 12 months have shown that when the political will is there, and homelessness is given the priority it deserves, we can bring people off the streets.
“As the country begins to move out of lockdown, the Government must have a plan to help people end their homelessness altogether and measures in place to prevent them from losing their homes in the first place. Otherwise, we risk seeing a surge in homelessness as soon as emergency measures are lifted.”
Polly Neate, chief executive of Shelter, also warned “the war is not won”.
Welcome news that rough sleeping has gone down by 43% since 2018 – but we won't rest until everyone in this country has a place to call home.
We are continuing to work with councils & charities, providing £750m for programmes over the next year to end rough sleeping.
— Boris Johnson (@BorisJohnson) February 25, 2021
However, the official rough sleeping snapshot figures have long been considered an underestimate.
This was underlined in January when the National Audit Office’s report into the Westminster Government’s response to homelessness said the 33,000 people housed in the Everyone In scheme “far exceeded” the numbers being officially recorded in the annual snapshot count.
The latest Everyone In statistics, also released on Thursday, show that 11,263 people remained in emergency accommodation in January, up from 9,673 in December as councils reacted to Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick’s call to “redouble efforts” to protect rough sleepers during the latest national lockdown.
We do need to be wary of patting ourselves on the back too soon
A total of 26,167 people have moved on to permanent accommodation during the pandemic through the Everyone In scheme.
Charities have also warned more must be done to keep an accurate record of the number of people sleeping rough on the streets.
Lucy Abraham, chief executive of London homelessness charity Glass Door, said: “We’re seeing far too many people who are newly homeless. And this is before the main economic fallout from Covid has been felt. If we don’t do anything, rough sleeping will shoot up again.
“We also need to be critical of using what is essentially a best guess of what rough sleeping looks like on a given night as a proxy for how many people are actually homeless in the UK.
“We know these figures massively under-represent the true scale of rough sleeping and homelessness. This year the situation has been especially volatile, and we do need to be wary of patting ourselves on the back too soon.”
Lorrita Johnson, The Salvation Army’s director of homelessness services, also insisted “the Government can’t keep guessing about the number of rough sleepers”.
Paul Noblet, head of public affairs for Centrepoint, added the “systemic inability” to count the number of people sleeping rough makes it “impossible for councils to secure the resources to fully tackle the problem.”