Greenpeace claims the amount of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere has rocketed, and is now at levels not seen in millions of years.
Environmental organisation WWF also says we need to cut our man-made greenhouse gas emissions drastically and move toward renewable energy.
This means changing the way we heat and power our homes, use water, dispose of food, and drive our cars.
The vast majority of vehicles are currently powered by fossil fuels and Greenpeace activists have urged the government to accelerate its plans to phase out petrol and diesel cars by 2030.
They even claim that this could create 30,000 new jobs in sectors such as energy, battery manufacture, and retail.
“The government no longer has any excuses. We need a firm commitment to ban new polluting cars and vans by 2030, along with an active industrial strategy to boost manufacturing and support re-skilling, so workers can benefit from new jobs that will be created across the economy,” said Greenpeace UK’s policy director Doug Parr.
“The rewards are there for the taking. It’s time for the Prime Minister to plug in and put electric vehicles on a fast track to 2030.”
Our diets are also a major factor and experts agree that we need to eat less meat due to the huge levels of deforestation and greenhouse gas production that come from the meat industry.
A group of leading medical organisations recently said meat and dairy foods should have labels showing the environmental impact of producing them.
Kristin Bash, of the Faculty of Public Health, said it was important we change our diets.
“We can’t reach our goals without addressing our food system,” she said. “The climate crisis isn’t something we should see as far in the future. It’s time to take these issues seriously now.”
Wider change will also be needed to overhaul the system at large. Lord Deben, the Chairman for the Climate Change Committee said steps will need to be taken to build a green, climate-resilient economy.
In a letter to the Prime Minister, Deben said the immediate investment was needed in low-carbon infrastructure such as improved broadband.
Rather than building new roads, Deben added infrastructure is needed to make it easier to walk and cycle.
Deben said: “Recovery means investing in new jobs, cleaner air and improved health. The actions needed to tackle climate change are central to rebuilding our economy.
“The Government must prioritise actions that reduce climate risks and avoid measures that lock-in higher emissions.”
There is some good news. Renewable energy is growing at record levels and the International Energy Agency believes greener electricity will displace coal by 2025.
Experts have said it’s important that our transition to a greener economy must be inclusive.
This means policy must be developed in partnership with communities to make sure the costs and benefits of ambitious climate action are shared fairly and equitably.
A briefing paper by academics from the COP26 Universities Network said job creation by itself wasn’t enough, and that it was important to look at how much green jobs paid and how secure they were.
Dr Tom Pegram of University College London, the lead author of the report, said low-skilled workers could be affected by decarbonisation.
Pegram said: “The individuals, households and communities that stand to be most negatively affected by decarbonisation policies are often already losing out in existing socio-economic arrangements.
“Covid-19 has served as a stark reminder that socio-economic disruptions tend to worsen existing social inequalities, we must not make the same mistake with decarbonisation policies.”
Recovering from the pandemic
For the time being, Covid-19 will be the main thing on everybody’s mind. Although many have said this is the perfect time to re-evaluate our outlook and tackle the climate crisis.
According to new research by the European Environment Agency, Covid-19 lockdowns may have had positive impacts on our environment, especially in terms of emissions and air quality.
But despite these improvements, there have been environmental downsides, including an increase in single-use plastics.
The Climate Change Committee has urged the government to use the pandemic to rebuild the nation and deliver a stronger, cleaner economy.
“Reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to climate change should be integral to any recovery package,” said Lord Deben in his letter to the Prime Minister.
“These remain scientific, economic and social imperatives and will only be delivered if ambitious steps are taken during this Parliament.”
The Big Issue’s Today for Tomorrow campaign aims to tackle the climate crisis, poverty and pandemics with the Wellbeing of Future Generations Bill. Support the Bill by emailing your MP today: bigissue.com/today-for-tomorrow/