Scotland went into the Covid-19 pandemic with “unacceptably high levels of poverty”, warns a new Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF) report, and the economic fallout of the pandemic means that child poverty targets are set to be missed.
Currently around a million people in Scotland are living in poverty with children making up 24 per cent of the total, at 230,000. That figure has been rising over the last five years despite interim targets to reduce the number of kids in poverty by a quarter, meaning they would account for 18 per cent of people in poverty by March 2024.
JRF’s annual state of the nation report, Poverty in Scotland 2020, has called on ministers to take “bold action” on job training, affordable housing and an income lifeline for families at next year’s Holyrood election. The urgent warning comes as Challenge Poverty Week is marked in Scotland, putting the spotlight on vulnerable people.
Today marks the start of #ChallengePoverty Week and the launch of our state-of-the-nation report – a crucial moment for bold, compassionate action that gets Scotland back on course to solve #ChildPoverty: https://t.co/WEsKykmPPM
— Joseph Rowntree Fdn. (@jrf_uk) October 5, 2020
Those on low incomes have faced the biggest challenges due to Covid-19. The pandemic has had a serious impact on jobs and financial security with the mean number of hours worked in Scotland falling from 32 hours at the start of 2019 to just 25 by June 2020. Lower-paid workers in accommodation and food, retail and wholesale, manufacturing, and entertainment sectors have been hit particularly hard by the drop.
For many, this has meant turning to Universal Credit. The JRF report shows that the number of claimants has doubled since January to 470,000 people, with single adults with no children, in particular, seeing a three-fold increase in claims. Westminster’s temporary increase in standard allowances of Universal Credit and working tax credit have stopped family income falling even further.
But JRF warns that if the “vital lifeline” this temporary increase provides is to end in April, as planned, the result would be a significant rise in poverty. The social change charity’s modelling predicts that 1.2 million Scots would benefit if the increase to Universal Credit was extended as would 100,000 people if the same was applied to legacy benefits.
For renters, even before the Covid-19 crisis, 30,000 children were living in poverty due to family housing costs. The Scottish Government has boosted the Scottish Welfare Fund to cover periods of crisis and discretionary housing payments to help cover costs as well as launching the new Tenant Hardship Loan Fund next month.
JRF want the Scottish Government to commit to building 53,000 new affordable homes by 2026 with 70 per cent to be social rent alongside additional legislative protection and support for housing costs to help renters keep their homes.
Ministers also need to strengthen employment measures quickly to deal with the ongoing jobs crisis. The National Training Transition Fund for people made redundant or at risk of losing their job needs to expand to meet the likely winter surge in unemployment while the Parental Employment Support Fund should be increased and extended across the lifetime of the next parliament, according to JRF.
“We went into the pandemic with unacceptable levels of poverty. The resulting economic storm risks blowing us even further off course. People and places already at greatest risk of poverty face tougher times ahead unless we are bolder in our approach to recovery,” said Jim McCormick, JRF’s associate director Scotland.
“Now is a crucial moment for Scotland. The decisions we make will determine whether we reach our ambitious child poverty targets by the middle of the next parliament. As the shape of our economy changes, it is vital to do all we can to protect people’s jobs, homes and living standards, so more families are not pulled into poverty.”
It's #ChallengePoverty Week. Read our short introductory Sway with helpful resources which you can use during the week and beyond to support achievement of equity and closing of the poverty related attainment gap. 👇https://t.co/BsDvIRRcGD pic.twitter.com/JK8J3P0YmP
— Education Scotland (@EducationScot) October 5, 2020
In response, the Scottish Government has pointed to the first Scottish Child Payments as urgent action to help kids in poverty. The payments are worth £10 per week for each eligible child and are set to be available from February.
JRF said extending the temporary benefit increase alongside the payments will mean an estimated 25,000 fewer children would be trapped in poverty. The charity also calls for a stronger income lifeline for school-age children before 2022.
A Scottish Government spokesperson said: “Together with Best Start Grant and Best Start Foods this will provide over £5,200 of financial support for eligible families by the time their first child turns six, around £4,000 more than elsewhere in the UK.
“The Scottish Government has delivered almost 96,000 affordable homes since 2007 and has outlined plans to invest over £2.8 billion in capital, over five years, to deliver more affordable and social homes across Scotland.”
The Covid-19 pandemic has intensified the focus on preventing poverty. Last week, Edinburgh Poverty Commission vowed to end poverty in the Scottish capital by 2030 through actions to provide fair work, a decent home, income security, opportunities to progress, connections and health and wellbeing.
As we rebuild our economy, let’s redesign it so we all have enough.
— Poverty Alliance (@PovertyAlliance) October 5, 2020
Challenge Poverty Week is placing even more of a spotlight on the issue with a swathe of virtual events taking on topics such as human trafficking, digital inclusion and energy poverty.
Craig Wilson, Scottish Council for Voluntary Organisations, said: “Challenge Poverty Week offers the chance to explore some of the most innovative and effective work and to identify the barriers that too many people face when trying to lift themselves from poverty.”
Head here to see a list of events and activities for Challenge Poverty Week.
The Big Issue is also working to prevent homelessness and protect jobs through our Ride Out Recession Alliance. For more details, head to bigissue.com/rora.