The Police, Crime, Sentencing, and Courts bill has already passed the House of Commons – with Monday’s vote in the Lords one of its final stages before it becomes law.
The protests will also highlight the bill’s potential impact on minority communities. Wider stop and search powers – which allow “individualised, suspicionless” searches – would put people of colour at risk of “harassment and oppressive monitoring.” Black people are nine times more likely to be stopped and searched by police than white people, official figures for England and Wales show.
LGBTQ+ activist Peter Tatchell said the bill would have made the protests which had overturned anti-LGBT+ laws illegal, and could prevent future human rights victories.
“Protests against fossil fuel companies, arms manufacturers, tax-avoiding corporations and stores that sell clothes made by sweatshop labour will be subject to a battery of restrictions to render them weak and ineffective,” he said.
“The bill is a green light for human rights, environmental and animal welfare abusers.”
The government has rejected a call from parliament’s Joint Committee on Human Rights to remove a part of the bill which would let police ban protests for excessive noise or disruption.
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In its report, which will be debated by the Lords, the committee said: “It is not clear to us what right the public has to be free from ‘serious unease’ that might result from peaceful and otherwise lawful protest.”
The government rejected this recommendation “entirely”.